EV Comparison

Vehicle CODA Sedan Ford Focus EV Nissan LEAF SV Mitsubishi I SE Honda Fit EV Chevy Volt
Range (mi, EPA) 88 76 73 62 82 373
MSRP (before rebates) $37,250.00 $39,200.00 $37,200.00 $31,175.00 $389/mo $39,145.00
Price (after rebates1) $27,250.00 $29,200.00 $27,200.00 $21,175.00 $319.56/mo4 $31,645.00
Efficiency (kWhrs/100 mi) 46 32 34 30 29 353
Efficiency (MPGe) 73 105 99 112 118 983
Cost Per Electric Mile
Driven2
$0.055 $0.038 $0.041 $0.036 $0.035 $0.042
Cost Per Mile of Electric
Range
$309.66 $384.21 $372.60 $341.53 N/A $766.973
Top Speed (MPH) 80 84 90 81 92 100
0-60 (seconds, unofficial) 9.5 9.5 10 15 8.4 8.5
Cost/Yr (US Avg, EPA) $850 $600 $600 $550 $950
Passenger/Cargo Volume (Cu Ft) 82/14.1 91/23 98/23 85/13.2 89.3/12.0 90/18
Charge Time <6h (6.6W) 4h (6.6kW) 8h (3.3kW) 8h (3.3kW) 3h (6.6kW) 4h (3.3kW)
CHAdeMO N N Y Y N N
Premium Sound $1,500 (w/ leather) Y N N N $495
Heated Seasts N Front All Driver Front Front ($1,395)
Garage Door Opener N Y N N N Y
Headlights LED HID LED Halogen Halogen Halogen
Aux Jack / USB N/Y N/Y(x2) Y/Y N/$2,790 Y/Y Y/Y
Auto-dimming Mirror N Y Y N N Y
Keyless Entry/ Ignition/Remote ?/N/? Y/Y/Y Y/Y/Y N/N/Y Y/N/Y Y/Y/Y
iPhone App N Y Y N Y Y
Floormats ? Y N Y Y Y
Horsepower 134 143 107 66 123 150
Torque (lb-ft) 220 184 210 133 189 273
Length/Width (in) 176.4/67.2 171.6/73.3 175/69.7 144.7/62.4 162/67.7 177.1/70.4
Curb Weight 3,682 3,691 3,354 2,579 3,252 3,781
PWR (HP/lbs, calculated) 0.036393265 0.038742888 0.031902206 0.025591314 0.037822878 0.039672044
Turning Radius (ft, curb/wall) 17.5/18.6 18/? 17.1/? 15.4 18/?
Roadside Assistance (months) forever 60 36 0  36
Basic Warranty 3/36k 3/36k 3/36k 3/36k N/A
Powertrain Warranty 5/60k 5/60k 5/60k 5/60k N/A
Battery Thermal Management “Air Controlled” Liquid convection, enclosed convection (AC) convection, exterior air Liquid
Regen  Brake pedal (Accel in “B”) Brake pedal (Accel in “L”)
Artificial Noise Low speed whining  Low speed whining pedestrian alert
Notes 2013 model will have 6.6kW charging collision insurance included

sources: Plug In America, US EPA, Wikipedia and Automakers

  1. Based on $7,500 US Federal Tax Credit and $2,500 California CVRP Rebate. Chevy Volt does not qualify for CVRP.
  2. Assuming $0.12/kWhr electricity.
  3. Chevy Volt calculations based on electric-only range & driving.
  4. Honda will take $7,500 federal tax credit. Customers can take state rebate ($2,500 in CA, divided over 3 year lease).

10 thoughts on “EV Comparison

  1. Nice chart, well done. A couple of additions I’d recommend (I attended the Fit EV Pasadena press introduction and I have the press kit): The Fit EV includes keyless entry, but the key has to be inserted in the dash to start the car, so your chart entry would be Y/N/Y. For battery thermal management, the Fit EV uses outside air circulated within the battery compartment, so a chart entry of “convection, exterior air”. I’d also recommend that you include torque specs for the cars, since torque is an important figure for EV performance. The Fit EV has a top torque spec of 189 lb-ft, Leaf is 207, Ford is 184.
    Best regards.

    • Thanks, Phil! I have updated the stats on the Fit EV and added a torque comparison. I also added the Chevy Volt instead of the Civic Hybrid, but I decided to compare only the electric mode for now.

  2. There is a USB option for the i-MiEV that doesn’t cost thousands of dollars. I bought the cable and installed it myself in a few minutes with the standard stereo. Works with iOS and flash drives.

  3. It would be great to have the cars’ battery pack capacities listed (in KWh).

    Something seems off with the efficiency numbers. The CODA has a 36 kWh pack and an efficiency of 46 kWh/100mi. That would indicate a range of 78 miles per charge, not 88.

    Thanks for the great resource.

    • I thought that the CODA came in 2 pack options and the 88 miles was for the larger. The efficiency numbers are from the EPA. Pack numbers vary as it’s often unclear what the whole pack size vs usable is. I think the Fit EV, for example is 20kWh usable (from my calculations).

      • I guess I’m trying to reconcile between the EPA’s label range (eg, 88 mi for the CODA) with the calculated range you get from the usable kWh of the battery pack and the EPA efficiciency.

        So for the CODA large pack, I calculate 36/46*100, or 78 miles per charge. But the EPA lists 88. This is a 13% overstatement. If we look at the CODA’s smaller pack, it’s 31/46*100, or 67, which is even further away from 88.

        EPA label range and calculated range for LEAF and Focus EV are pretty close.

        There’s also a discrepancy with the Fit. Assuming 20 kWh usable, the range should be 20/29*100, or 69 miles. But the EPA says 82. This is 19% off.

        Mitsubishi i is also off by 17%.

        Are my calculations off, or is there something weird with EPA’s numbers?

  4. Colby, thanks for posting this. It is a great resource. Before I found this I made my own spreadsheet (https://skydrive.live.com/redir?resid=1248D5E1304589A!2120&authkey=!AMCoShzs7GAsXkU) that I print and hand to people that express an interest in purchasing an EV. It has much less information, but I wanted a one-page summary of what I thought were the key parameters.

    It seemed important to me to clearly state how I selected the vehicles to include or exclude. Otherwise people say – but you didn’t include X or why did you include X but not Y, etc. It can also appear to be biased if the criteria are not explained. My selection criterion is stated as: “Data are for mass-produced, highway-capable, plug-in vehicles currently available for purchase (not just lease) in the U.S. and capable of at least 10 miles of normal driving on electricity only.” This excludes the Honda Fit but includes the Toyota Plug-in Prius (questionable). Excluding lease-only vehicles is debatable. I’m conflicted about these compliance vehicles. I want to support all EVs, yet worry about the backlash if they are suddenly removed from the fleet along with an “explanation” from the company that “we tried but EVs aren’t practical yet” – General Motor’s EV-1 all over again. Somehow we need more companies to commit to EVs, like Nissan, Tesla, and Coda – but what is the best route to that goal?

    Including the Prius highlights the extreme differences between it and the “real” EVs in terms of its abilities in EV mode. Its a great hybrid, but not a great EV, and very different from the Volt.

    There are some discrepancies in the prices. I show the lowest cost model/configuration only, and where a feature is mentioned that is not included in that base model I highlight that it involves additional cost. You state the LEAF as the SV model, but I think your MSRP is for the SL model.

    Some of your cargo volume numbers seem very different from what I found.

    Stating a re-charge time in hours seems misleading. People will assume lower number are better without considering the battery capacity or efficiency. It is good that you included the charge rate (kW). My chart also shows Charging Rate in Miles Range per Hour of Charging which seems the most meaningful measure.

    The LEAF (at least the SL model) includes a garage door opener on the rear-vision mirror.

    The LEAF, and I suspect most or all of the vehicles listed, have regenerative braking. The LEAF has the option of regen via braking only or also via accelerator back-off (ECO mode).

    Thanks again for posting this.

    Warren

    • Wow. Thanks for the extensive comment!!

      I agree that miles of range per hour of charging is the easiest to understand, and it’s what I usually tell people. However, it doesn’t take into account efficiency or cost.

      The vehicles I listed are not the cheapest available, because I listed those that I would be interested in buying.

      Lots of the cargo numbers were inconsistent and I have been changing them around. Not a lot of solid data out there from the manufacturers.

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